Acne is a common skin condition that affects people of all ages, and it can leave behind unsightly scars. Acne treatments encompass a range of therapeutic approaches aimed at managing acne breakouts, and minimising the long term scarring or skin damage caused by acne.

There are many options available, however it is important to begin the process with a detailed consultation with your practitioner at Kaya Cosmedica, and skin assessment using our Visia skin analysis system. Individual factors such as Fitzpatrick skin type, underlying medical conditions and lifestyle factors play a big role in determining a customised management plan.

The Causes Of Acne

There are multiple factors that contribute to the development of acne. These include:
  1. Excess production of sebum leading to clogged pores and acne
  2. Clogged pores as a result of dead skin cells combining with excess sebum clogging hair follicles
  3. Overgrowth of C.acnes bacteria/disruption of the skin microbiome
  4. Genetics
  5. Hormonal fluctuations during puberty, prior to menstruation, pregnancy and peri/menopause
  6. Diet including high glycemic index or high dairy consumption
  7. Stress
  8. Cosmetic products especially those that are oil or silicone based (comodogenic)
  9. Medications such as corticosteroids and progesterone
  10. Environmental pollutants and high humidity
Close-up of a person's face focusing on the nose and cheeks, overlaid with a digital constellation pattern and the text "kaya cosmedica." The skin texture is visible and detailed, highlighting

The Symptoms Of Acne

Acne presents with a range of symptoms that can vary in severity from mild-moderate-severe. Symptoms include:

  • Oily skin: Either over the entire face, the T zone or jawline, as a result of excessive sebum production.
  • Pimples: Appear as small, red, raised bumps on the skin surface. There are several types which include whiteheads and blackheads.
  • Blackheads: Open comedones that are clogged hair follicles that appear as small black dots on the skin. The black appearance is due to oxidation of melanin when it is exposed to air.
  • Whiteheads: Closed comedones that are clogged hair follicles that appear as small white/yellow bumps. They do not allow sebum and dead skin cells to escape causing the white/yellow appearance.
  • Pustules: Similar to pimples but contain pus. They appear as white or yellowish bumps
  • Nodules: Larger, deeper and painful lumps that develop beneath the skin’s surface. These can be quite tender to touch
  • Cysts: These are the most severe form of acne lesion that are large, painful and pus filled. They develop deep within the skin and often lead to scarring
  • Inflammation: Redness and inflammation in and around the affected areas that can be painful and tender. The redness can take months to subside.
  • Post inflammatory hyperpigmentation: After an acne lesion appears, it can leave behind a dark mark on the skin, especially in those with skin of colour. These marks can take months to fade over time.
  • Scarring: Severe or poorly managed acne can lead to permanent scarring which appear as depressions or raised areas.

Dr PK and her team of practitioners will work with you to address your acne concerns from a medical perspective, which may involve working with your nutrition and overall skin health beyond direct skin treatments. From premenopausal acne treatment to pregnancy-safe acne treatment, the team at Kaya Cosmedica will guide you through the options best suited to your situation.

Acne Treatment at Kaya Cosmedica

Acne is a multifaceted skin disorder, with various types and causes.  Effective treatment of acne requires a detailed understanding of one’s individual skin condition, and this begins with a consultation.  During this consultation the skin is analysed to determine the type and severity of acne, taking into account personal factors (such as age, skin type, and any underlying medical conditions such as PCOS).  It is important to accurately diagnose the specific type of acne, as there are different treatment approaches for each type.

Once we have a diagnosis, an individualised treatment plan can be formulated.  This may involve a combination of treatments such as those detailed below, including lifestyle modifications.  A personalised approach is important, as what works for one individual may not for another.  Regular review appointments are also crucial to adjust the treatments based on the skin’s response, ensuring an effective and successful outcome in acne management. 


Before and after comparison of a forehead receiving acne treatment. The top image shows skin with acne, and the bottom image shows clear, improved skin condition. Both images have "Kaya Cosmedica
Treatment Options Available at Kaya cosmedica

Blemish-free Skin Begins With Skin Treatments At Kaya Cosmedica!

At Kaya Cosmedica, the team are committed to helping you enjoy clearer, healthier skin through acne treatment in Melbourne. The Kaya practitioners  understand the complexities acne as a medical skin condition. When you combine proven treatments with experienced providers and a custom treatment plan, you stand the best chance of getting your acne  under control.

To learn more about your options in acne and skin health treatments, schedule your consultation using our convenient online booking platform or call 03 9329 9991 to book your appointment.